The Kings of Denmark

Frederik II

Frederik II was the King of Denmark and Norway from 1559. Son of Christian III and Queen Dorothea of Saxony-Lauenburg. In 1572 he was married to Sophie of Mecklenburg, with whom he had Christian IV.

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Christian IV

Christian IV was the King of Denmark and Norway from 1588; crowned in 1596. Son of Frederik II and Sophie of Mecklenburg. He was married to Anna Cathrine of Brandenburg who died in 1612. He later married Kirsten Munk, in 1615. He was the father of more than 20 children, Frederik III and Leonora Christine among them.

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Frederik III

Frederik III was the King of Denmark-Norway from 1648; he was married to Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg in 1643 and father to Christian V. Frederik was a son of Christian IV and Anna Cathrine of Brandenburg, but he only became Successor to the Throne after the death of his brother, Christian, the Prince Elect, in 1647.

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Christian V

Christian V was the King of Denmark-Norway from 1670; son of Frederik III and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He was married to Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel in 1667. He was the father of Frederik IV.

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Frederik IV

Frederik IV was the King of Denmark-Norway from 1699; son of Christian V and Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel. Married for the first time in 1695 to Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, with whom he had Christian (VI); for the second time in 1721 soon after the death of Louise, to Anna Sophie Reventlow, which created much strife within the Royal Family.

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Christian VI

Christian VI was the King of Denmark-Norway from 1730; son of Frederik IV and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow. He was married to Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach in 1721. Father of Frederik V.

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Frederik V

Frederik V was the King of Denmark-Norway from 1746; son of Christian VI and Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. In 1743 he was married to Louise of Great Britain, and the year after her death in 1751 to Juliane Marie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. With Louise he had several children, including Christian (VII).

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Christian VII

Christian VII was the King of Denmark-Norway from 1766, son of Frederik V and Louise of Great Britain. Married in 1766 to Caroline Mathilde of Great Britain and father of Frederik VI.

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Frederik VI

Frederik VI was the King of Denmark from 1808 and of Norway 1808-1814; son of Christian VII and Caroline Mathilde of Great Britain. In 1790 he was married to Marie Sophie Frederikke of Hesse-Kassel. He had no male heirs.

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Christian VIII

Christian VIII was the King of Denmark from 1839. His mother was Sophie Frederikke, wife of Christian VII's brother Prince Frederik, the Heir Presumptive. It is widely believed that his father was the Heir Presumptive's aide-de-camp.

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Frederik VII

Frederik VII was the King of Denmark from 1848; son of Christian VIII and Charlotte Frederikke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. He was married for the first time to Vilhelmine of Denmark, second time to Mariane of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and in 1850 he was married to Louise Rasmussen, Countess Danner. He had no heirs.

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Christian IX

In 1863 Christian IX succeeded the childless Frederik VII as king, and was the first monarch from the House of Glücksburg line of The Royal Family. Christian IX and Queen Louise were given the epithet “Europe’s in-laws”, as their children became married into prominent royal houses.

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Frederik VIII

Frederik VIII was to have just six years as monarch which were relatively undramatic. He is therefore a slightly overlooked figure in the Danish royal line.

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Christian X

King of Denmark from 1912. Christian X's long reign spanned both world wars, and he became during the German occupation in World War II a national icon, who came to stand in contrast to the policy of collaboration and negotiation.  

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Frederik IX

King of Denmark from 1947 and father of the current Danish monarch, HM Queen Margrethe II. Frederik IX was probably the most well-liked king of Denmark to this day and was among other things a skilled naval officer and classical conductor.

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