The early 20th century was a dramatic time for Europe. World War I broke out in 1914 and ended after four years and nine million dead. The Russian Revolution broke out in 1917. This was to have far-reaching consequences for the Danish born Empress Dagmar (Maria Feodorovna), who lost many family members and had to flee, first to England and later to Denmark. In Denmark the parliamentarian system was introduced in 1901.